Air radar/ ground control aviation.
With thousands of aircraft cruising the sky each day, collision seems inevitable. However, this is not the case! The task of ensuring safe movement of aircraft in and out of an airport seats squarely on the shoulders of traffic controllers. They also ensure the aircraft keep a safe distance from each other while in the sky and give precise weather conditions in order to avoid potential accidents.
This would not be possible were it not for air radar and ground control systems. Mostly, when an air control center is mentioned, the first image that come to people’s mind is men and women seated and giving instructions to pilots. However, this is not the case as air traffic control is more complex than that. Let’s take a look at various stages involved in traffic control.
√ Air Traffic-Control System Command Center (ATCSCC):
This is the body responsible for monitoring the air traffic of a given area, for example a country or state. Its responsibility is to come up with solutions in case there are malfunctioning airports, bad weather or traffic overloads among others.
√ Air route traffic-control centers (ARTCC):
For a certain geographical location, the area is divided into several zones or centers. Depending on the size the country or state, the zone can be of about 50 miles (80.47 km) in diameter, commonly known as Terminal Radar Approach CONtrol airspaces(Tracon). For each center, there is one ARTCC which is responsible for all flights within its coverage.
√ Air traffic-control tower (ATCT):
Located at every airport, the ATCT is responsible for all takeoff, landing and all ground operations within the airport.
Given one cannot locate an airplane in the sky and give precise location using naked eyes, the need to use Radio Detection And Ranging (RADAR) is inevitable. The technology was invented in the 1930s and has been improved ever since. RADAR is capable of able of detecting planes twenty miles away and at an altitude of ten thousand feet. The radar convey information to the controllers on whether the air is really busy, facilitating safe landings and takeoffs.
With the ever evolving technology especially in the aviation sector, the need to ensure safety is paramount and cannot be overlooked. Thanks to the development of easy to understand and operate air control systems and ground control centers.